87% of studied subjects with BPD had histories of severe childhood abuse and/or neglect — prior to age 7. Clients and Child Victims of Trauma How to Question Child Clients and Elicit Relevant Information Meredith Linsky Director, ABA Commission on Immigration December 2014 . It is especially important to ask for clarification if one or A fundamental psychological question concerns how we come to find meaning in traumatic experiences. A: It’s so tough for caring teachers to know they can’t control what’s happening to their students outside the classroom. However, it is an EXCELLENT tool! Objectives ... experienced their own childhood trauma – may be at a greater risk for experiencing these reactions . Q: “We had a 14-year-old girl in our school commit suicide, and everyone is in shock. Ask her how you can help. It doesn’t have to actually happen to them for it to worry them. Which is better out of being a child and being an adult? Q: “How can I support a high school student whose mother has terminal cancer and is in hospice care? A 10-question assessment can tell you whether traumatic childhood events could affect your health as an adult. The support and understanding you give to the parent and the student will help everyone connect and motivate your student to succeed. Allow for movement and physical-activity breaks in the classroom, so they can have some fun. A: Thank you for keeping your eyes and ears open to potential bullying in your school. In this lecture Bessel van der Kolk speaks about his work with patients with childhood trauma. Treat the girls who are pregnant like the rest of the girls in the class. These questions give a picture of a person’s interconnectedness. Many of my students have never known anyone who died—let alone someone their own age.”. Schools can offer an outlet for kids who are having the hardest time to come together to process the event, but no one should be required to talk about it. Students should have the choice to participate. For many kids, it’s the opposite, and for them, it’s better to talk about the situation. We also provide training, technical assistance and coaching to peer workforces. Enquiry about Psychotherapy welcome. when you feel bereft and upset, who do you talk to? Answer: Peers are frequently integrated into the Trauma-Informed Care work. The mom is in crisis and survival mode. Oftentimes the patient doesn’t recall the traumatic event(s). question about this. Questions to Ask about Trauma and Abuse Questions youth could ask the adults (therapists, counselors, teachers, relatives) in their lives who are trying to help: Can you trust that I will stop harming myself when I have become part of a community of my peers where I feel safe? Did your parents often demean you, devalue you, swear… A: When an event such as a natural disaster occurs and is so widespread that it affects the entire community, sometimes there can be a long period of transition where people are out of sorts. Tell her you know it’s a tough time and validate her feelings. I want to engage and motivate my student, but the mom’s attitude is rubbing off on my student.”. It usually helps to shift the lens away from what you think is wrong with the mom to look at what’s happening in her world. Try to give your student ways to calm down on a sensory level—like breathing or stretching—to work through anxiety she may be feeling from home. Besel van der Kolk explains this @ 44:40, the importance of revisiting the traumatizing events. Image by rawpixel on Pixabay Asking questions is an under utilized teaching strategy! It seems like there’s not a week that goes by when the students aren’t telling me about a stabbing or drive-by shooting. What’s your happiest memory from childhood? ... What questions should I ask my doctor? Trauma causes the brain to go survival mode which triggers the FEAR response (flight, fight, or freeze). extensive ly o n the re lationship betw een childhood trauma an d ps ychosis, and ... speciﬁc questions should be asked covering adult- hood ... when and how to ask about childhood abuse. They will be best equipped to see your symptoms in context and may think to ask you questions and address other symptoms that a non-trauma informed therapist may not think about, e.g. Q: “Our community just experienced a tornado. Ask if there is someone to support him at home. How should I react? Sometimes we see acting-out behavior as that becomes the only way the student is able to communicate their anger and frustration. 17 Questions to Ask Yourself After Experiencing Trauma For PTSD Awareness Month , I couldn’t be more excited to bring some education and truth to the subject. To have one consistent, caring adult in the life of a child—even if it’s not a caregiver or a parent—is one of the most beneficial characteristics of building resilience. If you know this information, you are a mandated reporter. People are often really curious to know the details. It has nothing to do with disrespecting the family or not caring, but it has everything to do with respecting everybody else. What should I do? She’s been sharing a lot of details with other kids in class, and I can see it’s making them feel uncomfortable. As an adult, you now hold the power to change your life. who does the dishes? Make it optional. Answer: We agree, taking care of yourself is key for caregivers, counselors and other staff at your organization. We’ve given you a list of 100 questions to get started. who was affectionate to you? A trauma-sensitive school is one in which all students feel safe, welcomed, and supported and where addressing trauma’s impact on learning on a school-wide basis is at the center of its educational mission. Your caring support will be a bright light for this student during a very difficult and sad time in his life. Your encouragement and effort will go a long way in helping them stay away from situations that may put them in harm’s way. Either way, how did that affect you? The child will benefit most from consistency and routine in the classroom. In that case, the student definitely needs to be linked with a professional and removed from the classroom if safety is an issue. Q: “How do I make school a safe place when I teach in one of the most dangerous cities in the country? As teachers, we want to do whatever we can to help our students who are suffering. was there anyone in your family who you felt safe with growing up? Question: Good basic treatment of being trauma informed both at organizational and individual level. You can let the student know you understand his mom is sick and you are available to talk. While it may look like an oppositional behavior, your student may just need time to heal and to know you understand. A: Especially when teachers are working with special education students, it can be hard to know when to draw the line. A Trauma Informed Approach in a State of Crisis Pamela Toohey, CEO Birth Parent Association . If you do an archives search, you’ll quickly find that developmental trauma is common. You just have so much going on now, but your daughter needs you to tell her you care and school is important.” Then ask how you can help. How can I accommodate him?”. What does childhood trauma look like in adults? When they know their teacher thinks it’s brave for them to stay in school, they’ll be more likely to keep coming to class. Child Trauma FAQs What is Childhood Trauma? Be proud of them for coming to class. It’s hard to pay attention. When you need help/ when you are sick, who can you turn to? Generally, with emotional support at home and at school, a grieving child’s heart will heal significantly during that time period. Q: “How can I help a second grader in my class who comes in from recess most days on the verge of tears because of bullying on the playground? These questions focus on the younger and formative years. But first, I … We recently did a trauma-informed care for non-clinical staff webinar. They are safe, and so are the people they care about. You may need to modify homework expectations or set up a peer support person to help her with assignments. The information is for educational purposes only. But remember reactions vary. Ask students if they’d like to make cards for the family to send their condolences, which is a compassionate way to support the family and help your students positively express their emotions. Encourage them to seek out safe places, and become an advocate for after-school programs, clubs and equipment in the parks. To make your reassurances more believable, you can point out some of the safety measures that are being taken, like explaining what security guards do. A: Thank you for being concerned and asking this important question. Likely, she does care, but her priority is finding a place to live. Asking Life Questions to Grandparents. Q: “I’m in my second year teaching middle school, and both years I’ve had a student in my class find out she’s pregnant. John Read, Paul Hammersley and Thom Rudegeair Why, when and how to ask about childhood abuse There is a lot of concern that talking about suicide and how it happened will lead to “contagion”—making other kids do it—but there is no research to back up that worry. What can I do? The topic of childhood trauma is not easy to bring up. It’s best to be direct. Even though this may feel like a difficult conversation to have with a student, it will help her—as well as the rest of your class—feel safe and supported. They were very close, and he just can’t seem to focus in class and is so withdrawn that I’m worried about him. Even if someone has encountered trauma and has memory the event, there may still exist emotional difficulty in relating the event to a professional. While it might not seem traumatic to adults, peers are the center of kids’ lives, and if they aren’t accepting of them, that’s traumatic. Van der Kolk provides us here with a way of interviewing the client @ 10:20 : “You really cannot understand anyone with Borderline Personality Disorder unless you understand the terror they grew up in.” Bessel van der Kolk. Let the parents know you are noticing changes. Sometimes all the focus shifts to the sick person, but others in the family suffer and there is some unintentional neglect. His home life is so unstable, and I can see it’s affecting him at school too.”. As a child, did your family mainly stay in one place or did you move around a lot? What is the right thing to say to him? Bullying doesn’t have to be violent. We have to respect all symptoms and reactions. I am aware of the vital necessity, for any therapist treating a survivor of complex trauma, to have enough insight, education, training, experience, empathy and knowledge about complex trauma. How do I help my students cope with ongoing news of student deaths as the result of violence and gang activity? Learn about interview questions and interview process for 60 companies. If you have additional questions, feel free to call us at 310-720-8200. Set up a time to call them and ask them questions about their life, their current feelings, and how they feel about the current situation. Do acknowledge that they are pregnant, but don’t make a big deal about it. A: Your student is lucky to have a compassionate teacher who wants to say the right thing. Slide @ 17:05 shows correlation between childhood physical abuse, sexual abuse, neglect and the symptoms of suicide ideas, suicidal attempts, cutting, bingeing and anorexia. Here is a snippet of this video on how to get from a patient information about his/her trauma history. I want to support her, but I also want to help her understand when it is appropriate to share.”. This is the second blog in the Childhood Trauma Blog Series, sponsored by TLC. ... Childhood trauma and BPD are correlated in findings. You don’t have control of what goes on outside your classroom. Pay attention to changes in academics or behavior and make an accommodation if needed. Q: “What should I do to work through my fourth graders’ grief over a student in our school who was killed in a car accident recently? Do you have questions about Trauma Therapy?
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