The two species most common across the state are Celtis Laevigata, also called sugarberry or sugar hackberry, and C. reticulate, also known as netleaf hackberry or western hackberry. Description: Hackberry is planted as a street tree in midwestern cities because of its tolerance to a wide range of soil and moisture conditions.. They are broad crowned and often have an erratic shape. The worst thing about hackberry is that woolly aphids feeding on the leaves drip sticky honeydew. Hackberry species occour throughout texas; five species are trees and one species is shrublike. Actually, it’s not really a good choice in any urban or suburban area, for several reasons. It is used chiefly for fuel, and occasionally for lumber. The two species most common across the state are Celtis Laevigata, also called sugarberry or sugar hackberry, and C. reticulate, also known as netleaf hackberry or western hackberry. Common Names: Common hackberry, sugarberry, nettle tree, beaverwood, northern hackberry.. Habitat: On good bottomland soils, it grows fast and may live to 20 years.. hackberry, northern Celtis occidentalis More about this tree... hackberry, sugar Celtis laevigata var. Book: Brush and Weeds of Texas Rangelands (B-6208), Web Site Maintenance: Megan.Clayton@ag.tamu.edu, Equal Opportunity for Educational Programs Statement. laevigata) has narrower leaves with smooth margins; netleaf hackberry (C. laevigata var. Native only to the northern High Plains in the valley of the Canadian River, but planted widely as a landscape tree across north and northeast Texas, growing well on various soil types. Plants may appear in other counties, especially if used in landscaping. Accessibility, Site Policies & Public Notices Alternate, simple, 2" to 4" long and 1.5" to 2" wide, ovate, long-pointed, with the base of the leaf lopsided and sharp teeth along the margin. Sooty mold grows on the honeydew, blackening absolutely everything under the tree. Although not noticeable, the flowers occur in early spring and develop into rounded, succulent, reddish brown fruits (drupes) that persists on the tree throughout the winter. : 01 - Pineywoods, 02 - Gulf Prairies and Marshes, 03 - Post Oak Savannah, 04 - Blackland Prairies, 05 - Cross Timbers and Prairies, 06 - South Texas Plains, 07 - Edwards Plateau, 08 - Rolling Plains, 09 - High Plains, 10 - Trans-Pecos. Each tree produces a … North American distribution, attributed to U. S. Department of Agriculture. Leaves are medium to light green above and paler below, turning light yellow in the fall, with prominent veins beneath. cturtletrax/Getty Images. and netleaf hackberry (Celtis reticulata Torr.) Gray and smooth at first, developing distinctive warty bumps and ridges over time; older bark is very rough with the warty ridges up to 0.75" thick. You can also view a clickable map. Texas distribution, attributed to U. S. Department of Agriculture. Hackberry is easy to recognize by its silvery-gray bark encrusted with warty ridges. The forage value is fair for the wildlife and poor for livestock. A medium to large tree, becoming 60 to 100 feet or more tall and 2 feet or more in diameter, with a round or oval crown and limbs that often end in slender, drooping branches. http://texastreeid.tamu.edu/, Accessibility, Site Policies & Public Notices. Hackberry is not a good choice either if you live in Houston. These trees can grow up to the height of 60 feet and have a spread of around the same. Distribution refers to the ecological region in Texas that a plant has been found. The marked counties are guidelines only. Sugarberry (Celtis laevigata var. Hackberry species occour throughout texas; five species are trees and one species is shrublike. Hackberry grows in rocky draws and arroyo and other low areas receiving adequate moisture. Small, blue-black fruits favored by birds spread seedlings all over. Male and female flowers borne in the leaf axils in April or May, inconspicuous, greenish-white in color. The trees have strong tap roots and many shallow, spreading roots. laevigata More about this tree... hawthorn Crataegus spp. The wood has a charecteristic yellowish white color. The leaf underside has large, netlike veins. reticulata) has a wider West Texas distribution and smaller leaves with net-like veins underneath. The bark is mostly smooth and gray, with small bumps or warts on the older stems. Hackberry. : Simple with Pinnate or Parallel Venation, Distribution Common hackberry is native to much of the eastern U.S. and was named "bois inconnu" -- the unkown tree -- by the earliest French explorers. Rather soft, weak, and decays rapidly when exposed to the elements. northern hackberry Leaf Type: Deciduous Texas Native: Firewise: Tree Description: A medium to large tree, becoming 60 to 100 feet or more tall and 2 feet or more in diameter, with a round or oval crown and limbs that often end in slender, drooping branches. The trees have strong tap roots and many shallow, spreading roots. The other two trees, sugarberry (Celtis laevigata Willd.) Leaf Shape A round, berry-like drupe, 0.25" to 0.5" in diameter, on a stalk longer than the leaf petioles, orange or red when ripe, but turning dark purple later in the fall, with a thin skin and yellowish flesh favored by many bird species. © document.write(new Date().getFullYear()); Texas A&M Forest Service - All rights reserved, Member Texas A&M System Another Hackberry tree. The leaves of hackberry have a rough texture, like sandpaper. First, it’s a weedy tree that insects love to feed on — especially woolly aphids. grow along fence lines and roadsides but the tallest examples usually are confined to river or creek courses and better-watered, low lying areas of the South Texas Plains. Close-up of hackberry bark "scales/warts".
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